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Individual Submission 1

Major city-centre mixed-use development

Q-:Linear responsibility matrix can be group shared


Duties & Responsibilities

Project Manager

A Manager of project will have entire duties and responsibility for the successful planning, execution, monitoring, control and closure of a project. He must have a combination of skills including an ability to ask penetrating questions, detect unstated assumptions and resolve conflicts, as well as more general management skills.

Deputy Project Manager

 Prepares work plan and schedules each phase of the engineering project to which he is assigned responsible for day to day operation of project, assigns duties, responsibilities and performance goals.

Planning Engineer

Planning engineers define and expand the most suitable and economically viable construction and engineering techniques for projects. It is the duty of the planning engineer to estimate a timeline for a project and to confirm that the outlined deadlines are met.

Quantity Surveyor

Quantity surveyor duties typically include: Conducting feasibility studies to estimate materials, time and labour costs. Preparing, negotiating and analysing costs for tenders and contracts. Coordination of work effort.

Office Engineer

Office Engineer Responsibilities and Duties. Correlate between consultants, external agencies, contractors, property owner’s ship and other utility services for assigned projects. Review and process construction for project design submittals and ensure forms as per existing standards.

CADD Draftsman

AutoCAD Drafter Job & Description. CAD is the primary way in which drafters develop plans, drawings and sketches. ... Production and construction workers, including engineers, surveyors, architects and scientists, use CAD images to create plans to build and manufacture everything from buildings to toys to spacecraft.

Construction Manager

Job Duties and Tasks for: "Construction Manager" 1) Schedule the project in logical steps and budget time required to meet deadlines. 2) Determine labour necessity and dispatch workers to construction sites. 3) Inspect and review projects to monitor compliance with building and safety codes, and other regulations.

Chief land surveyor

Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.

Project engineer

Typical responsibilities may include: daily operations of field work activities and organization of subcontractors; coordination of the implementation of a project, ensuring it is being built correctly; project schedules and forecasts; interpretation of drawings for tradesmen; review of engineering deliverables

Site Engineer

The role of a site engineer combines technical responsibilities with project management. They also build roads, drainage systems and other vital facilities to make sure construction projects go off without a hitch. A site engineer's duties, however, aren't finished once the construction site has been set up.


A foreman typically occupies the first supervisory tier, ranking above workers but below managers. The job title is most often found in the construction, manufacturing and repair industries. However, regardless of other factors, the job of foreman typically requires certain basic duties.

QC/Material engineer and inspector

As QC Inspector that you might want to consider. Monitoring and administering the QA/QC Plan or Programme and ensuring incorporated materials on construction projects are in compliance with the plans and specifications

Safety officer

The safety officer is in charge of investigating site conditions to demonstrate if hazards are present and to built procedures and policies to overcome those precious situations. The safety officer looks for broken equipment, defective tools, and other potential hazards, focusing on worker safety.

Store keeper

This job role is accountable for managing the timely receipt of material/items at stores/stock yard, ensuring proper storage, issuing and delivery system at construction site along with maintaining inventory through computer system.


Reference -:1. http://analysisproject.blogspot.in/2011/08/matrix-responsibility-chart.html

2.https://www.google.co.in/search?q=construction+team+duties+and+responsibilities&oq=construction+team+duties+and+responsibilities &aqs=chrome..69i57.16727j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

Q-: Identification of risks to project programme and elimination, mitigation, management of the same?

Ans -: 1. Identification of risks to project programme and elimination-: Risk identification you can say that the first or the most crucial step in the field of risk management process, because it ventures and use to identify the centre point and what kind of risk. It contains the identity of potential risk incident condition in construction project and it simplifies the risk responsibility. It further expands the basis on next steps-: control & analysis of risk management. Corrects risk identification ensures risk management potentials.

Projects risk an unsettled circumcentences or condition that, if it occurs, has a good or bad reaction on at least one project impartial”. Number of chances of risks which could escort to the non success of construction projects, and between the projects, it is very necessary what kind of risk factors are acting concurrently. Number of project risks as unacceptable events might cause construction projects delays imprudent spending, not satisfactory project solutions or even total defeat. Here is the table shows the risk to project programme

  1. Mitigation -: This is an entire approach to minimise the riskimpact severity and/or chance of occurrence. It can affect many of risks and contain, for instance, increasing staffing or reducing scope. Identify actions and steps required to execute the mitigationstrategy. As stated by Hillson risk mitigation and risk response development is often the weakest part of the risk management process. The proper management of risks need that they be discerned and administer in a well-defined manner. This can only be or courage if contracting parties apprehend their risk responsibilities, risk event order, and risk handling capabilities.

                                          In construction projects, many parties are complex and attend the parties and attendant are such as owner, consultant, contractor, subcontractor, and supplier. Each party has its individual risks. Risk transfer means the carry of risk responsibility to further party either by insurance or by contract. Contractors usually use three methods to transfer risk in construction projects:

  1. Through insurance to insurance companies.
  2. Through subcontracting to subcontractor.
  3. Through modifying the contract terms and conditions to client or other parties.
  1. Management -: Construction projects monitored and organised using various risk management tools or expertise. Craftsman ship that could be used for enlargement of risk management techniques for engineering projects. Techniques for context initiation, risk identification, risk assessment and treatment were provided. Application of risk management tools relies on the nature of the project, corporation policy, project management strategy, risk standpoint of the project team members, and availability of the resources.

                 A risk assessor representation (RAM) presented by Jannadi and Almishari was developed to dictate risk scores for various construction activities. The model contributes a sufficiency level for the risks and determines a quantitative justification for the proposed remedy. Risks and dilemma, involved in construction projects, because cost infest, schedule delay and lack of quality during the progression of the projects and at their end. As stated by Baloi and Price, poor cost presentation of construction projects appear to be the norm rather than the special case, and both clients and contractors suffer remarkable  financial losses due to cost overruns.

Reference -: 1.   https://www.nap.edu/read/11183/chapter/6

  1. https://www.google.co.in/search?q=Identification+of+risks+to+project+programme+and+elimination%2C+mitigation%2C+management+of+the+same%3F&oq=Identification+of+risks+to+project+programme+and+elimination%2C+mitigation%2C+management+of+the+same%3F&aqs=chrome..69i57.826j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

Q -: Production of a detailed programme for an element of the project (20-30 tasks/activities)?

Ans -:

  1. How duration of construction activities/projects is determined.




By experience only



Techniques based on calculations only



Combination of calculations and experience



Other techniques apart from the above



Do not use any techniques





  1. Techniques used for project planning and time control.


Contractors (%)

Consultants (%)

Gantt Bar Chart



Critical Path Networks/Method (CPM)



34Milestone Date Programming Technique



Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)



Precedence Network Diagram (PND)




Elemental Trend Analysis/Line of Balance (LOB)



Also detailed programme include the following parts-:

  • Planning-: This is the task to define the objectives and activities of project that needed to accomplish these objectives. Time schedules are decided by sequencing the project work, with interim milestones. At the same time, detailed cost estimates and cost plans are also produced.
  • Monitoring: when the execution of the project plans started, project progress needs to be monitored to ensure that activities are worked out as per plan make for this and costs and spending occur for the correct amount and at the correct time. Any variations to time and cost plans need to be identified.
  • Reporting: The information gathered during the step of monitoring will need to be presented in some universal format and send it by the appropriate medium to the appropriate department or personnel for further action e.g. analysis. From where the report is collected where the information collected during monitoring is contained and it is analysis of this information that shows the status of the project as described below.
  • Analysing: Having collecting the data, the team must demonstrate whether the project is behaving as predicted, and if not, calculate the size and impact of the variances.

Components of the Project Plan Include:

Baselines -: Baselines are usually called performance appraise, as the performance of the thorough project is counted in opposition to them. Themselves are the project three allowable begin points and include the scope, schedule, and cost baselines. These provide the stakes in the ground. That is, they are used to regulate whether or not the project is on track, during the execution of the project.

Baseline management plans -:  These plans embrace paperwork on how divergence to the baselines will be grasping throughout the project. Every task work baseline will need to be considered and managed. A result of that process conceivable include the need to do further planning, with the possibility that the baseline(s) will change. Project management proposal paper whatever the project member will do when variances to the baselines happens, including what operation will be followed, who will be announce, how the changes will be funded, etc.

Define roles and responsibilities-:  Neither all key stakeholder will examine all paper form, so it is require illustrating who is responsible on the project needs to say yes to which parts of the plan. Some of the key competitors are:

  • Project sponsor, who boasts and funds the through going project, Sponsors need to investigation and approve all aspects of the plan.
  • Designated business experts, who will demonstrate their need for the end commodity. They need to help progress the scope baseline and say yes to the documents relating to scope. They will be quite enquiring in the timeline as well.
  • Project manager, who fabricate, executes, and authority the project plan. Since project managers construct the plan, they do not require approving it.
  • Project team, who build the end commodity. The team needs to engage in the built out of many particular of the plan, such as distinguish risks, quality, and design issues, but the team does not usually allow it.
  • End users, who use the end product. They too, need to engage in the built out of the plan, and review the plan, but once in a blue moon do they actually need to sign off.
  • Others, such as auditors, quality and risk analysts, procurement specialists, and so on may also participate on the project. They may need to approve the parts that touch to them, such as the classification or Procurement plan.

Hold a kickoff meeting -: The outset meeting is a fruitful way to bring shareholders together to debate the project. It is an effective way to commence the planning process. It can be used to start building reliance among the team members and conform that everyone's idea is taken into account. The start meetings also define commitment from the sponsor for the project. Here are some of the field area that might be included in a kickoff meeting:

  • Business vision and strategy (from sponsor)
  • Project vision (from sponsor)
  • Roles and responsibilities
  • Team building
  • Team commitments
  • How team makes decisions
  • Ground rules
  • How large the group should be and whether sub-groups are necessary

Reference -: https://www.google.co.in/search?q=Production+of+a+detailed+programme+for+an+element+of+the+project&oq=Production+of+a+detailed+programme+for+an+element+of+the+project&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i59.452j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

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